The X-51A Waverider flew its second test flight at the Point Mugu Naval Air Test Range over the Pacific Ocean June 13, bringing significant hypersonic research data despite a less-than-successful flight.
The hypersonic aircraft was successfully boosted to just over Mach 5 and the scramjet engine lit, but failed to transition to full power.
Air Force Flight Test Center officials said after a flawless flight from Edwards Air Force Base the B-52H Stratofortress aircrew released the experimental vehicle from an altitude of approximately 50,000 feet. The X-51A initially was accelerated by a solid rocket booster to a speed just over Mach 5.
The experimental aircraft’s air breathing scramjet engine lit on ethylene and attempted to transition to JP7 fuel operation when the vehicle experienced an inlet un-start.
The hypersonic vehicle attempted to restart and oriented itself to optimize engine start conditions, but was unsuccessful. The vehicle continued in a controlled flight orientation until it flew into the ocean within the test range.
According to Charlie Brink, the Air Force Research Laboratory’s X-51A program manager, Boeing, Pratt-Whitney Rocketdyne and AFRL engineers are reviewing the large amount of telemetry data collected during the test flight to identify the cause of the anomaly.
“Obviously we’re disappointed and expected better results,” Mr. Brink said, “but we are very pleased with the data collected on this flight.
“I am extremely pleased with the AFFTC and Point Mugu’s support and execution of this complex flight test mission as they provided us every opportunity for success in this endeavor,” he said. “We have attempted two scramjet experiments now where one successfully lit, and one did not. We will continue to examine the data to learn even more about this new technology. Every time we test this new and exciting technology we get that much closer to success.”
Boeing and Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne built four X-51A flight test vehicles with the program goal of reaching Mach 6 in hypersonic flight. The next flight is tentatively scheduled for this fall.