Some stray thoughts for your consideration (Part 2) 9. For me, Aster 15 (range in excess of 30 km) or even the SM-2 Block III is more than enough as an area defence missile for an escort group. Due to global demand, Raytheon has restarted its SM-2 missile line after halting production in 2013. Various countries aligned requirements and pooled resources to make a bundle purchase through foreign military sales, enabling Raytheon to resume production. The company is reconfiguring and modernizing its SM-2 missile factory to increase production efficiencies. It has also signed new agreements with several suppliers. 10. If TNI-AL chooses the Aster 30, then they should get the Aster 30 Block 1NT, with a new seeker operating in Ka band, replacing the current Ku band, to deal with N. Korean missiles (as a remote risk to guard against). But that's a little over kill for the TNI-AL, given its budget. 11. IMHO, it's the selection of a top of the line the multi-function radar (MFR) that is important for the larger surface combatant - important to spend as much as the TNI-AL can afford. I have a strong preference for the Sea Fire 500 (with the first system manufactured in 2018 and qualified in 2020 for the French Navy’s FTI programme). The Sea Fire radar uses long-range 3D surveillance, horizon search and surface surveillance capabilities to provide early warning of potential attacks from conventional and emerging air and surface threats. I would recommend that TNI-AL evaluate this MFR (or the NS-200 - a family of radars selected by Netherlands and Singapore), to tap on the hot production line that is still running in 2020, to follow on from orders to Thales. 12. I think, a mix of each of the PKR and a class of patrol vessel is fine. For example, the KCR-60M-class fast attack craft built by state-owned shipbuilder PT PAL. Powered by two MTU 20V 4000 M73L diesel engines, this 60m vessel can attain a maximum speed of 28 kt and a maximum range of 2,400 n miles at 20 kt. With its full crew complement of 43, the vessel has an endurance of nine days. The KCR-60M was originally conceived by Indonesian defence planners as a 'hit-and-run' platform that could swiftly deploy guided anti-ship missiles against larger surface combatants, before quickly receding into the archipelagic background. IMHO, the navy should get out of operating and building 40m vessels. The navy should not have vessels that have sea legs that are too poor to operate in bad weather. 13. OPVs for the Coast Guard is much needed - I have visited some shipyards there in my younger days. This is a reality for our region. 14. I would prefer that TNI-AL stick to 1 type for patrol vessel, for ease of training, support and career paths for naval officer ship commands (i.e. to increase professionalism in the TNI-AL).