2. The Taiwan Air Force has about 70,000 personnel and over 400 combat aircraft. The current inventory includes approximately 180 older F-5E/F fighters and over 100 more modern Indigenous Defense Fighters (IDFs). Taiwan also operates 55 Mirage 2000-5 fighters out of 60 originally delivered in 1997 and 1998. Taiwan also has purchased 150 F-16 fighters from the United States: 120 single-seat "A" models and 30 two- seat "B" models. On-island deliveries, which began in April 1997, were completed by the end of 1999 [by which time four aircraft had been lost to accidents].
4. From my vantage point, any total defence message, is a unity cry to action in multiple spheres, including military, civil, social, economic, psychological and cyber. Measured by this yardstick, the Taiwanese efforts are just a little lacking — when compared to Finland’s Comprehensive and Military Defence doctrines.
6. In other news, Taiwan held their National Day ceremony on 10 Oct 2020, with celebrations, a parade and a flyover. IMO, a National Day ceremony is good message for total defence.
8. With some reform (as cited by you), Taiwan’s current military modernisation efforts will be seen as not very ineffective but moving in the right direction.