Germany

kato

The Bunker Group
Verified Defense Pro
  • The Ministry of Defense plans to immediately procure new personal protection equipment for the entire Bundeswehr for about 2.358 billion Euro - ballistic vests, helmets, new uniforms and new backpacks, in each case several hundred-thousand, with delivery before 2025.
Contracts for this have now all been signed, with in some cases production beginning. Rheinmetall got one for 100,000 helmets, Mehler Vario Systems is delivering 305,000 MOBAST ballistic combat vests (plus attachment pouches), Swedish company Snigel Design is delivering 250,000 backpack systems (two backpacks and six pack liners each) and primarily Hexonia benefits from the order for 150,000 clothing sets (with a bunch of contractors for individual parts).

Most of the equipment is already introduced in the Bundeswehr, the above numbers are to bring the introduced numbers up to a "full outfit" for about 310,000 soldiers. Originally this procurement was planned in steps until 2031, the new contracts pull delivery forward to 2025. In most cases previous procurement started in 2019-2020, and mostly was for sufficient numbers to equip VJTF(L) 2023 only.

In some cases previous deliveries were from multiple competing contractors, e.g. for the backpacks split 50/50 between Snigel Design and Tatonka. The new contracts are all for single-source procurement.

Known subcontractor is Galvion in Canada (for the helmets), the pack liners for the backpack systems come from Canada and Hong Kong. There are some claims that the helmet contract is actually - including options - for 176,000 units, and that due to lack of capacity Galvion plans to have them made by a subcontractor in Turkey.
 

kato

The Bunker Group
Verified Defense Pro
"State Regiment Bavaria", a 3-year experimental prototype for a battalion-sized territorial infantry unit, higher than previous companies, has formally ended.

The regiment was formally renamed "Heimatschutzregiment 1" on Apr 30th by MoD Lambrecht at its base in Wildflecken, Bavaria - using a designation last used in the Cold War, roughly translating to homeland security regiment. At the same time the remaining security companies in Bavaria were placed under its command. The last units with similar designations - battalions - were dissolved in the drawdown of 2006-2007, the last Heimatschutzregimenter were dissolved around 1992.

The regiment consists of nine companies with a staff and supply company, seven security companies and a support company, and in its new form is broadly structured like the sole remaining security regiment of the German Air Force (*). The support company combines a reconnaissance platoon, engineer platoon and heavy weapons platoon (with .50cal MG and grenade machine guns). The regiment entirely consists of reservists, about 1200-1300 soldiers, including a newly introduced direct reserve career in which young men and women are trained up for 6 months and then join territorial units like this for 6 years.

Primary tasks are object security and object defense as well as convoy security for Bundeswehr and Allied Forces within or transitioning Germany, as well as providing security for critical infrastructure or subsidiary assistance in emergencies if called upon (by the states in both cases).

The Bundeswehr is planning a total of five such regiments with a combined 42 infantry companies for territorial defense, plus roughly one reserve security regiment each in Navy and Air Force; Heimatschutzregiment 2 in Northrhine-Westfalia as the second regiment is currently being established.

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(*) the Air Force security regiment with about 11 companies overall has a few additional specialized units for tasks like air base firefighting in comparison.
 

mariohot

New Member
"State Regiment Bavaria", a 3-year experimental prototype for a battalion-sized territorial infantry unit, higher than previous companies, has formally ended.

The regiment was formally renamed "Heimatschutzregiment 1" on Apr 30th by MoD Lambrecht at its base in Wildflecken, Bavaria - using a designation last used in the Cold War, roughly translating to homeland security regiment. At the same time the remaining security companies in Bavaria were placed under its command. The last units with similar designations - battalions - were dissolved in the drawdown of 2006-2007, the last Heimatschutzregimenter were dissolved around 1992.

The regiment consists of nine companies with a staff and supply company, seven security companies and a support company, and in its new form is broadly structured like the sole remaining security regiment of the German Air Force (*). The support company combines a reconnaissance platoon, engineer platoon and heavy weapons platoon (with .50cal MG and grenade machine guns). The regiment entirely consists of reservists, about 1200-1300 soldiers, including a newly introduced direct reserve career in which young men and women are trained up for 6 months and then join territorial units like this for 6 years.

Primary tasks are object security and object defense as well as convoy security for Bundeswehr and Allied Forces within or transitioning Germany, as well as providing security for critical infrastructure or subsidiary assistance in emergencies if called upon (by the states in both cases).

The Bundeswehr is planning a total of five such regiments with a combined 42 infantry companies for territorial defense, plus roughly one reserve security regiment each in Navy and Air Force; Heimatschutzregiment 2 in Northrhine-Westfalia as the second regiment is currently being established.

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(*) the Air Force security regiment with about 11 companies overall has a few additional specialized units for tasks like air base firefighting in comparison.
Heimatschutz....something like National guard in France, National guard in USA? Is that plan or?
 

kato

The Bunker Group
Verified Defense Pro
Heimatschutz....something like National guard in France, National guard in USA? Is that plan or?
No internal use, at least for security purposes, unlike the French National Guard.

The purpose is to have light infantry units that can in particular guard military installations within Germany in wartime, freeing up active troops - hence why they're also structured very similar to the security regiment the Air Force has for its air bases. It is not planned (unlike the US National Guard) to have active field units deploying alongside the Army in offensive/defensive operations.

The units are established from the existing "RSUKp" - "regional security and support companies" - with numbers expanded and the companies renamed. The RSUKp have on request of individual states provided manpower assistance to handle emergencies, such as floods or during the pandemic, to that extent they're similar to forces in other countries. This task will also be kept in the new structure.
 

kato

The Bunker Group
Verified Defense Pro
The draft bill for the 100 billion defence fund - both the standard law and the proposed constitutional change - is being discussed publicly (and livestreamed) in the Budget Committee of the Parliament today. Starts in about two hours.
 

mariohot

New Member
give us some brief report about plans

@mariohot A couple of things.

1. You are still a new member here and one line posts aren't acceptable.

2. @kato is a highly respected Defence Pro on here and is not to be ordered around like a dog. A please and thankyou goes a long way.

Ngatimozart.
 
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kato

The Bunker Group
Verified Defense Pro
Out of overall 7,271 vehicles available for call-up until 2027 about 1,862 seem to have been ordered and mostly delivered so far. The third item above includes an unknown number of vehicles equipped with the IAC "Integrated Armoured Cabin", so far about 40% of the 570 vehicles ordered from that one in 2020 have included the IAC.
RMMV just announced today that they have delivered their 3,000th UTF (HX2) vehicle to the Bundeswehr.

The original framework contract was for 2,171 vehicles until 2024, but capacity was expanded when money was freed up due to the Corona pandemic and an additional 1,000 vehicles were ordered. The capacity built up for UTF - expanded to 1,000 trucks per year - is being directly switched over to the new WLS (HX2/ALHS) contract for another 4,000 vehicles on the same base system.

A bit hidden within RMMV's press release for this is that they're planning to actually expand capacity for logistics vehicles "for the Bundeswehr" and have readied production lines for possible larger orders from the framework contract during this year.
 

kato

The Bunker Group
Verified Defense Pro
  • The Ministry of Defense plans to immediately procure new personal protection equipment for the entire Bundeswehr for about 2.358 billion Euro - ballistic vests, helmets, new uniforms and new backpacks, in each case several hundred-thousand, with delivery before 2025.
  • The above is without a budget, funding or plans to ask parliament in advance - and largely seen as a "test balloon" by the MoD to see how far they can go and to create a precedent for near-future procurement.
The budget for this was okayed by the budget committee on April 7th. The defense committee of the parliament formally okayed the procurement yesterday. The MoD's "test balloon" of breaching their limits in just going ahead without parliamentary approval therefore went in their favour.

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The defense committee also signed off on procurement of new tank transport semi-trucks yesterday, without numbers given. This is likely buying out the remainder of a 2018 framework contract for "Elefant 2" trucks, militarized 70-ton-class transporters - the description of items points at specifically those. Elefant 2 are RMMV HX81, derived from the Bundeswehr standard HX2 trucks. Other than the 80 Elefant 2 already bought from the contract the Bundeswehr only operates 19 "Mammut" bought in 2012-2015. These are basically the same vehicle, but with armoured cabins.

The framework contract was for 137 units until 2025 with delivery time within 2 years of call, with 80 units called up and delivered so far. Buying out the remainder of the contract would be around 50 million Euro, hence needs approval.

As a transitional solution until completion of the contract the Bundeswehr has been leasing 40 Scania 650S A8x6/4HA owned by the state-owned military contractor BwFuhrparkService. These are civilian heavy-load semi-trucks with 89 tons payload capacity and green paint. This contract started in 2020 and has a fixed duration until 2027 to my knowledge.

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The defense committee also extended the supplier contract of ZEBEL for another two years yesterday. ZEBEL is commercially run warehousing and logistics for operative flow of listed military spare parts between Bundeswehr-owned and -operated spare parts depots, probably 80-90 HIL (*) semi-privatized maintenance facilities and about 300-310 third-party corporate maintenance facilities. Services provided besides operating warehouses and transport include interfacing logistics software at those companies with Bundeswehr central system SASPF. The concept has been running since 2005 (full interfacing 2017), and gets regularly extended with the last extension expiring 2024. Contractor is electronics company ESG in joint venture with logistics company DB Schenker which provides the transport between warehouses and facilities.

There were previously plans for a "ZEBEL follow-on solution with breakless transition in 2024" at procurement agency BAAInBw - i am therefore not sure whether this now relatively short extension would be for ensuring a transitional solution or building up or testing a follow-on concept. Based on hints for previous extensions this 2-year extension may cost somewhere on a scale of 60-80 million Euro.

(*) HIL are the former army maintenance plants privatized in 2005 that were originally run by a joint venture of Diehl, Rheinmetall and KMW and 49% owned by the state. The company was fully re-nationalized in 2013, although there were quite heavy-handed attempts to partially reprivatize it in 2016 led by certain MoD senior staff which have been subject to a formal parliamentary investigation.
The ZEBEL contract was part of this 2005 privatization of HIL, but separate - administration of both contracts is handled by the same department in the MoD. In 2018 HIL's contract was severely expanded with the national company now again responsible for all 16,000 vehicles owned and operated by the Bundeswehr (but not the about 10,000 green-painted "civilian" vehicles of other nationalized contractors) and the contract extended indefinite. The ZEBEL contract was extended to 2024 around the same time.


In case it's not clear - the waters of Bundeswehr contracted services of all kinds in nationalized, semi-privatized and privatized enterprises that has sprung up over the last two decades are fairly deep and murky, and not necessarily something one really wants to step into.
 
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swerve

Super Moderator
The financial arrangements might be something that should be looked into. That sort of thing engenders suspicion.
 

kato

The Bunker Group
Verified Defense Pro
The financial arrangements might be something that should be looked into. That sort of thing engenders suspicion.
For the juicy entanglement, trying to write it up somewhat:

During 2019 a parliamentary investigations committee explored in particular entanglements between external consulting companies (McKinsey and Accenture), an apparent preference for particular consultants in the MoD and several government-owned companies (controlled by the MoD).

During the investigation other problematic behavior was uncovered - it was e.g. alleged that BWI was using some internal fonds to "store" profits that the government-owned company legally isn't allowed to have, and that that "black fonds" served to pay for external consulting circumventing tender requirements. Similar practices were alleged - by Bundeswehr personnel - to exist in multiple cases in connection with the above consulting companies.

The main object of interest within the MoD was the State Secretary at the MoD Katrin Suder, i.e. formally the deputy MoD picked by then-MoD Ursula von der Leyen; also of interest was General Erhard Bühler, the head of the planning department at the MoD. Both were personal friends of Accenture CEO Timo Nötzel - Suder worked together with him at McKinsey previously, Bühler was the godfather of Nötzel's five kids.
We're not talking small numbers either btw - in total Accenture during the tenure of CEO Timo Nötzel with his personal relationship with Katrin Suder increased their Bundeswehr contracts from 459,000 Euro in 2014 to 20 million Euro by 2018. In 2014 both Nötzel and Suder had left McKinsey and got their new jobs at the MoD and Accenture respectively.

Suder's defense was that "she wasn't actively involved in procurement decisions" (her job's portfolio included having the planning department with General Bühler directly under her...) and therefore had nothing to do with such contracts going to former and current friends of hers. The committee concluded in that case that the primary culprit was General Bühler but that Suder was "involved" in getting access to the MoD contract for Accenture.
Accenture getting the contract in this company was hidden behind a strawman company that signed the contract and subcontracted it to Accenture.

The overall investigation was actively hampered by the MoD (U. von der Leyen) to the point where evidence - chat protocols of her cell phone - was destroyed after the investigation committee had filed for its release. This was only admitted in closed sessions under confidentiality rules, but leaked to the press by opposition representatives in the committee.


The investigation concluded without any repercussions for people involved based on the government party representatives within the committee saying so and a lack of evidence proving otherwise. Opposition party representatives published a "divergent opinion" in which they alleged the 720-page report glossed over certain parts and was covering in particular for von der Leyen.

Suder left the MoD in April 2018 and received the Honor Cross of the Bundeswehr Medal in Gold from von der Leyen upon leaving. Bühler, due to the investigation, had his promotion to four-star general and posting to become Commander JFC Brunssum (NATO) delayed by four months. He retired about four weeks ago.

With two of said opposition parties now in power the new government end of last year (i.e. within three weeks of their takeover, and just before the case may have hit its statue of limitations) formally filed a civil legal case for damages amounting to about 631,000 Euro in that particular case against the intermediate contractor for 2,654 work hours subcontractor Accenture did not deliver at the time.
 
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swerve

Super Moderator
Looks very corrupt, but small scale compared to scandals such as those around covid-19 contracts here in the UK (supply of personal protective equipment, tests, etc. - billions of pounds wasted on things which weren't fit for use or were grossly overpriced).
 
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