Xi Jinping recently announced the “Global Civilization Initiative” (全球文明倡议) or GCI —these are initiatives aimed towards shaping the international order. Some of the 5 parts of the GCI is for a domestic purpose, but China does need for the GCI for economic and political reasons to enhance its relations with Africa, ASEAN and Europe.
1. The first is a Community of Shared Future of Mankind (CCD). This is framed as the PRC’s proposal for an international order free of the “inherent (Western) biases of the existing international order”. CCD has 5 (abstract) components:
A new security architecture
2. The 2nd is using the BRI as a means “to build a new model of international relations”.
The BRI is Beijing’s vision of global (China-centered) interconnectedness and includes 5 key cooperation areas:
Intergovernmental policy coordination
Reduction of trade barriers
3. The 3rd is building common values of mankind. China feels that the West uses its control over international discourse power to impose its own standards, laws, and norms on non-Western countries, either to remake them in their image or to hamper their development. For Xi, modernization does not equal Westernization
4. The 4th is the Global Security Initiative (GSI) announced during the Boao forum. The GSI may be viewed as China’s vision of collective security reform. The GSI highlights 6 aspects:
Sovereignty and territorial integrity
Focus on the UN Charter
Legitimate security concerns of all countries
Peaceful dispute resolution via dialogue and consultation
Security in traditional & non-traditional domains
5. Lastly, the Global Development Initiative (GDI) that projects China’s prioritization of development to the UN level, attempting to tie it to the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals It builds on past efforts of the BRI.