I believe that a Cellular Tower (CT) has back-up batteries and generators when electricity is intermittent or nonexistent. Assuming that CT’s are maintained and fuel is available for the generators they could remain operational indefinitely without electricity. What I would like to examine is Cellular Providers (CP’s) and state influence on CP’s, and how that influences availability to a network. More specifically, how areas outside of state control still have use of a cell network, Syria as example. I exclude, for now, technology that blocks cellular reception. Your input would be much appreciated.