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Asian rivals India and Pakistan on Friday formally joined the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, a security bloc spearheaded by China and Russia, despite bilateral tensions bubbling over Kashmir.

Leaders of the largely symbolic body — including Russia’s Vladimir Putin and China’s Xi Jinping — formally signed off on the sub-continent duo’s accession at the annual SCO summit in Kazakhstan’s capital Astana.

Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and Indian counterpart Narendra Modi reportedly shook hands and exchanged greetings late Thursday at the opening of the SCO meeting, although New Delhi said that no formal bilateral meeting between the two was planned.

Modi on Friday hailed India’s accession as a “landmark moment in the journey of the SCO” and pledged India would play a “constructive and active role” in the organization that also includes ex-Soviet states Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

Sharif thanked the founding members for their “staunch support” for his country’s entry into the organization, which he hailed as “an anchor of stability in the region”.

Kashmir has been divided between India and Pakistan since the end of British colonial rule in 1947. Both claim the territory in its entirety.

India regularly accuses Pakistan of arming militants, while Islamabad denies the allegation, saying it only provides diplomatic support to Kashmiris seeking self-determination.

But both Moscow and Beijing expressed optimism that the two neighbors’ entry into the SCO could strengthen prospects for peace across the region.

Founded in 1996, the SCO is viewed as a vehicle for managing competing Chinese and Russia political, economic and military interests in the strategic region.

China is championing ambitious infrastructure projects, including land and sea links touted as a revival of the ancient Silk Road trade route.

Russia, in turn, has focused on broadening its Eurasian Economic Union integration project involving former Soviet allies.

  • Constitutional_Rights

    Historical internal conflict between India and Pakistan is just myth after Chinese manipulation of Pakistan government and Russia as traditional Indian ally. There is no denial how China and Russia has welded military alliance.

  • Vasanth Bruce

    Correction, Kashmir wasn't divided between India and Pakistan as mentioned in this article. Kashmir was signed over to India by the then King of Kashmir during India-Pak partition. During this period Pakistan sent tribal raiders and army to occupy Kashmir. Hence resulted in P.O.K, as the then Indian P.M instead of an Army operation decided to plead to the UN and the later enforced a ceasefire. And later during 1962 China occupied Aksai Chin. Hence Kashmir is being administered by two illegal occupants Pakistan and China.

    • Ole Nilsen

      So basicly a king just gave over a area without a vote from the people living there? Yet he didnt expect there would be trouble afterwards? Best thing to do is either devide it into 2 pieces. Muslims in one area and hindus in the other. Problem sorted.

    • Ole Nilsen

      So basicly a king just gave over a area without a vote from the people living there? Yet he didnt expect there would be trouble afterwards? Best thing to do is either devide it into 2 pieces. Muslims in one area and hindus in the other. Problem sorted.

  • Vasanth Bruce

    Correction, Kashmir wasn't divided between India and Pakistan as mentioned in this article. Kashmir was signed over to India by the then King of Kashmir during India-Pak partition. During this period Pakistan sent tribal raiders and army to occupy Kashmir. Hence resulted in P.O.K, as the then Indian P.M instead of an Army operation decided to plead to the UN and the later enforced a ceasefire. And later during 1962 China occupied Aksai Chin. Hence Kashmir is being administered by two illegal occupants Pakistan and China.