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US 7th Fleet

This is a discussion on US 7th Fleet within the Navy & Maritime forum, part of the Global Defense & Military category; With tensions rising all over the western Pacific its time to take a quick look at USN prescence in the ...


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Old September 18th, 2005   #1
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US 7th Fleet

With tensions rising all over the western Pacific its time to take a quick look at USN prescence in the region.

The replacement of the Spruance class destroyers Obrien and Cushing along with the non-VLS cruiser Vincennes by the A. Burke class destroyers Fitzgerald, Stethem and Lassen brings added firepower to the 7th fleet.

The following are the ships based in Japan:

USS Kitty Hawk CV 63

USS Chancellorsville CG 62
USS Cowpens CG 63

USS Curtis Wilbur DDG 54
USS Fitzgerald DDG 62
USS John S. McCain DDG 56
USS Lassen DDG 82
USS Stethem DDG 63

USS Gary FFG 51
USS Vandegrift FFG 48

USS Blue Ridge LCC 19

USS Essex LHD 2
USS Juneau LPD 10
USS Fort McHenry LSD 43
USS Harpers Ferry LSD 49

USS Guardian MCM 5
USS Patriot MCM 7

USS Safeguard ARS 50

Guam:

USS Frank Cable AS 40

USS City of Corpus Christi SSN 705
USS San Francisco SSN 711

From the 7th Fleet website with some editing for updating and clarity:

http://www.c7f.navy.mil/Pages/Forwardpresence.html

Of the 40-50 ships typically assigned to Seventh Fleet, 21 operate from U.S. facilities in Japan and Guam. These forward-deployed units represent the heart of Seventh Fleet and constitute a permanent, ready and highly capable presence, while reducing transit times and support costs by operating from overseas bases. Other ships are deployed on a rotating basis from bases in Hawaii and the U.S. west coast.

On any given day, about 50 percent of Seventh Fleet forces are deployed at sea throughout the area of responsibility. A "snapshot" composition of 7th Fleet on a typical day includes:

Typcial complement of ships in the Seventh Fleet
1-2 aircraft carriers
2-4 Aegis guided-missile cruisers
7-11 destroyers and frigates
2-5 fast attack submarines

1 Command and control ship (USS Blue Ridge)
4-7 Amphibious transport and landing ships
1 Submarine tender
2 Mine Countermeasures Ships
1 Salvage Ship


21 Plus Total
also MSC operated ships:

4-9 Logistics and support ships

Naval and Marine Aircraft
200 aboard aircraft carriers and other ships
Various P-3C Maritime Patrol Aircraft deployed to bases ashore

MARINE AIR AND GROUND FORCES
Marine Expeditionary Force composed of a Marine Division,
Marine Aircraft Wing, Force Service Support Group and Marine Expeditionary Unit.

PERSONNEL
U.S. Navy and Marines -- About 20,000


This a very potent force in the approx 26(21fwd deployed ships plus 4 MSC logistics ships and one other SSN) ships that make up the more or less permanent order of battle.

Adding another Expeditionary Strike Force which includes a CSG (6 ships), ESG (7 ships) & SSG (3 ships) along with most likely 4 additional logistic ships brings 7th fleet into the 40-50 ship range.

MSC logistic ships are hard to get a handle on where exactly they are and whom they are servicing at any particular point in time. As adequate, timely, accurate info is sorely lacking.

This is also true for a major portion of the Submarine fleet.

Of late with the focus on Iraq the # of ships in the western Pacific hovers around 30 exclusive of the occassional formation transiting to or from the US to the 5th fleet AOR in the Persian Gulf.
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Old October 17th, 2005   #2
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Re: US 7th Fleet

...and more subs and aircraft are being moved to Guam, and there is talk of forward deploying another carrier to the WESTPAC.

All of this is a direct message, IMHO, to the PRC and other nations in the region by the current US administration.

Last edited by Jeff Head; October 18th, 2005 at 12:54 PM.
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Old October 18th, 2005   #3
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Re: US 7th Fleet

We should also remember that the JMSDF is acting like a fleet inside the 7th.
The CDR of the 7th Fleet reassessed it again last week.
They are so much integrated that their use would not change any US plan.
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Old October 18th, 2005   #4
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Re: US 7th Fleet

Quote:
Originally Posted by Francois
We should also remember that the JMSDF is acting like a fleet inside the 7th. They are so much integrated that their use would not change any US plan.
Agreed.
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