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The Khrizantema Missile System

This is a discussion on The Khrizantema Missile System within the Missiles & WMDs forum, part of the Global Defense & Military category; Introduction Until 1994, Commonwealth of Independent States arms manufacturers were only producing antitank guided missile (ATGM) systems that were wire-guided, ...


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Old September 18th, 2006   #1
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The Khrizantema Missile System

Introduction
Until 1994, Commonwealth of Independent States arms manufacturers were only producing antitank guided missile (ATGM) systems that were wire-guided, with limited range and subject to countermeasures. These included the Fagot (AT-4/SPIGOT), Konkurs (AT-5/SPANDREL), and Metis (AT-7/SAXHORN).
In October 1994, the KPB Instrument Design Bureau introduced the Kornet (AT-14) ATGM system. The Kornet was developed introducing a laser beam-riding missile with automatic command-to-line of sight (SACLOS) guidance. The operator simply has to keep the sight on the target to ensure a hit. The laser beam-riding system is also less vulnerable to countermeasures. The Kornet was specifically designed to replace the Konkurs, which has been in service with the former Soviet and Russian armies for over twenty years.1
The Kornet, which has a claimed ability to penetrate 1100 to 1200 millimeters of steel armor protected by explosive armor, provided a formidable antitank weapon system. However, even with the improved capabilities the Kornet has over earlier systems, an ATGM with all-weather, day or night, immunity to countermeasures, and fire and forget capabilities was still highly desired.
In July 1996, Russia's KBM Engineering Design Bureau revealed a dual-guidance missile system with the desired capabilities. A new long-range ATGM, the Khrizantema (9M123), capable of firing six-kilometer-range supersonic missiles, incorporating both radar and laser command guidance receivers, is in its last stage of testing. KBM expects production to begin in 1998. The key role of the Khrizantema (Russian for "chrysanthemum") is to destroy armored vehicles at long range. In addition, it could be used to destroy bunkers, and to engage slow- or low-flying helicopters.2
Chassis and Crew
The Khrizantema missile system is mounted on a modified BMP-3 infantry combat vehicle chassis. The chassis is designated the 9M157-2, and has the amphibious capability of the BMP-3. It is propelled by two water-propulsion jets allowing it to achieve speeds of ten kilometers per hour. Standard equipment includes an NBC protection system and a front-mounted self-entrenching blade. The two-man crew, consisting of a commander/gunner and driver, are seated in the front of the vehicle under full armor protection. The Khrizantema prototype is based on the BMP-3 chassis, but can be fitted on other types of chassis, and an air-launched version is being studied.3
Armament
The standard turret of the BMP-3 has been removed, as have the firing ports in the rear troop compartment. In lieu of the usual turret, the missile launcher consists of a twin elevating arm with two missiles in the ready-to-launch position, and an automatic loading system in the back of the vehicle. Once the ready missiles have been launched, the launcher arm is retracted into the hull and loaded automatically. The automatic loading system carries a total of fifteen missiles in launch tubes. Once all fifteen missiles have been expended, missiles are loaded from the right side of the vehicle using an onboard loading device.4
Missiles
Two models of the 9M123 missile have been developed. One has a tandem high-explosive antitank (HEAT) warhead; designated the 9M123-2, it apparently can penetrate over 1000 millimeters of steel armor protected by explosive reactive armor (ERA). The second model, the 9M123-F-2, has a high explosive warhead. The maximum range of the missile is 6000 meters with a maximum speed of 400 meters per second; thus it is supersonic. The missile has two movable control surfaces at its rear, with four wrap-around wings about three-quarters of the way down its body toward the rear. The ATGM will probably be designated AT-15 by NATO once the system enters volume production.5
Guidance Systems
For the first time in the world, an automatic radar target detection and tracking system, with simultaneous missile control during its guidance to the target, was developed for the Khrizantema ATGM. The unique feature of the missile is that it has two modes of guidance: automatic, where it is guided by a roof-mounted radar; and by a semi-automatic laser beam rider, using the sight mounted in the front of the hull on the right side. There is no known comparable missile in the West under development or in service with a similar guidance system.6
The first mode of guidance, in which the missile is guided by a radar mounted on the left side of the roof, is automatic under both day and night conditions, and does not require the gunner to maintain visual contact with the target. This virtually means the implementation of the fire-and-forget principle. The second mode, in which the missile rides a laser beam aimed from the sight mounted on the front right side of the glacis plate, is semi-automatic and requires the sight to be kept on the target until the missile strikes home. The system allows two targets to be engaged simultaneously using either the same or different modes of guidance.7
The manufacturer, KBM, reports that the guidance systems allow the missile enough flexibility to be launched in day or night and in poor weather conditions. KBM also states that the system provides a errobust performance against both passive and active countermeasures. The presence of dust, dense smoke, and battlefield fires has no effect on the system's guidance electronics. When not in use, the radar system can be retracted into the hull under full armor protection.8
Conclusion
The development of the Khrizantema missile system provides the Russian Army with a weapon system that will significantly upgrade its antitank capability. Currently, the Russian Army employs the BRDM-2/AT-5 ATGM variant carrying either SPIGOT (normally for the AT-4 system) or longer-ranged SPANDREL missiles. This system is antiquated by modern standards, and lacks the mobility, armor protection, and effectiveness of the Khrizantema. The Khrizantema's 6000-meter standoff and all-weather, round-the-clock capability, will enhance the firepower and survivability of the battlefield commander's antitank assets.9
The Russian Army is now faced with the option of purchasing the leass expensive BMP-3 mounted Kornet system, which is a follow-on to the AT-5, or the more expensive Khrizantema, a more powerful system capable of engaging more targets at greater ranges. It is likely that they will purchase both, possibly employing the Kornet at regimental level and the Khrizantema at division level. Another option would be a mix of both systems at both regimental and division level. Regardless of its placement in the Russian Army, many nations may find it desirable and allocate a portion of their budgets to purchase the extremely capable Khrizantema missile system.10
Endnotes
1. Christopher F. Foss, "Chrysanthemum comes to light", Jane's Intelligence Review, September 1, 1996, p. 402.BACK
2. Ibid. See also "Russian Dual-Mode Missile", in International Defense Review, August 1, 1996, p.22.BACK
3. Ibid.BACK
4. Ibid. See also "Russian Missile Reseal Dual Guidense System", Jane's Defense Weekly, July 3, 1996, p.15.BACK
5. Ibid. See also Nikolai Gushchin, "Khrizantema Has No Equivalents". Military Parade, July-August 1996, pp. 10-12.BACK
6. Ibid. See also Gushchin.BACK
7. Ibid.BACK
8. Ibid. See Gushchin.BACK
9. Ibid.BACK 10. Ibid.BACK

Source : Federation of American Scientist
URL: http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/l...hrizantema.htm
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Old September 18th, 2006   #2
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Sounds awesome.
I want one

The BMP 3 is quite nippy is'ent it, very handy for breaking up armoured thrusts.

Any good against arial threats eg helo's.
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Old September 18th, 2006   #3
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india has expressed interest in this system and is currently exploring the possibilities of acquiring them,however i feel that this missile would be more effective if it had a longer range of atleast 10kms.

i remember reading about a russian anti tank missile project known as hermes claimed to have a range of 75 to 100kms ,but i havent been able to find any further info on it.
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Old September 18th, 2006   #4
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Sounds awesome.
I want one

The BMP 3 is quite nippy is'ent it, very handy for breaking up armoured thrusts.

Any good against arial threats eg helo's.
the bmp series of armoured vehicle's have a flaw,their fuel tanks are mounted in the rear entry doors,makin the vehicle vulnerable in the even of a rear hit,i wonder where these missiles would be located and how well protected they would be,as compared to the bmp the western apc's have the fuel tanks located underneath and protected with applique armour,they are also faster.
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Old September 18th, 2006   #5
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Originally Posted by aaaditya
india has expressed interest in this system and is currently exploring the possibilities of acquiring them,however i feel that this missile would be more effective if it had a longer range of atleast 10kms.

i remember reading about a russian anti tank missile project known as hermes claimed to have a range of 75 to 100kms ,but i havent been able to find any further info on it.
Hermes 9k121, replacement for Vikhr, laserguided, range 10-12km, to be used on Ka-50 and Su-39 ?
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Old September 18th, 2006   #6
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Yup

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Originally Posted by Grand Danois
Hermes 9k121, replacement for Vikhr, laserguided, range 10-12km, to be used on Ka-50 and Su-39 ?
Thats what I found...
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Old September 18th, 2006   #7
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i remember reading about a russian anti tank missile project known as hermes claimed to have a range of 75 to 100kms ,but i havent been able to find any further info on it.
We don't call that anti tank missile anymore. we call it stand off weapon. lot's of that exist already. some of them have TV or IR terminal guidance that can target moving vehicle such as tank.
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Old September 18th, 2006   #8
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I think USA posses a similar system, or at least they will. it's call LOSAT.

Here's a video
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Old September 19th, 2006   #9
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the western apc's have the fuel tanks located underneath and protected with applique armour,they are also faster.
which western ones? arent we talking about IVF's?, the only one faster is the warrior? the rest are the same or slower.
Exploding armour and russia seem to go hand in hand!
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Old September 19th, 2006   #10
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which western ones? arent we talking about IVF's?, the only one faster is the warrior? the rest are the same or slower.
Exploding armour and russia seem to go hand in hand!
the swedish cv90 can easily touch 70 kms/hr while the bmp series would struggle to touch 65 kms/hr.
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Old September 19th, 2006   #11
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far as I can see they both do 70 klicks? the warrior 75 klicks, bradly 70 klicks, puma 65 klicks, m113 65 klicks.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BMP_3

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Combat_Vehicle_90
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Old December 12th, 2006   #12
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gun reliability

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Originally Posted by merocaine View Post
Sounds awesome.
I want one

The BMP 3 is quite nippy is'ent it, very handy for breaking up armoured thrusts.

Any good against arial threats eg helo's.
There's been some problems with the 100mm gun on the BMP-3. Yes, that 100mm may make it look intimidating, but there have been problems with it when it fires ATGMs. Not only that, it can't fire on the move (not good when tanks are bearing down on you).
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Old December 13th, 2006   #13
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There's been some problems with the 100mm gun on the BMP-3. Yes, that 100mm may make it look intimidating, but there have been problems with it when it fires ATGMs. Not only that, it can't fire on the move (not good when tanks are bearing down on you).
Both 30 and 100mm cannons are stabilized, so i dont know where you get that. And what problem with ATGM? Never heard it....
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Old December 13th, 2006   #14
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Both 30 and 100mm cannons are stabilized, so i dont know where you get that. And what problem with ATGM? Never heard it....
Sorry, I got my sources mixed up. The BMP-3 I mistakenly referred to was the first version, which I'm sure you'll agree was terrible. You can read a Russian soldiers account in Chechnya which has a little excerpt about the BMP-3 (it's very critical).

http://www.lib.ru/MEMUARY/CHECHNYA/chechen_war.txt

I'm sure you're referring to the newer one which is much better (especially with kornet and vikhr).

sorry about that again.
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Old December 14th, 2006   #15
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Sorry, I got my sources mixed up. The BMP-3 I mistakenly referred to was the first version, which I'm sure you'll agree was terrible. You can read a Russian soldiers account in Chechnya which has a little excerpt about the BMP-3 (it's very critical).

http://www.lib.ru/MEMUARY/CHECHNYA/chechen_war.txt

I'm sure you're referring to the newer one which is much better (especially with kornet and vikhr).

sorry about that again.
Any new system what just inducted is terrible in maintainance. Mechanic's and soldiers dont know shit about how to handle it. Add to that horrible chaos in russian army during 90x and you might think what initial BMP-3 wasnt that bad. At least Saudi Arabia which recived similar version didnt had many complains. Of course, newer versions are much better both in capability and maintanance.
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