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This is a discussion on Singapore Army Pictures within the Military Photos & Videos forum, part of the Global Defense & Military category; Exercise Kocha Singa 2013 - The Warrior Spirit First conducted in 1997, Exercise Kocha Singa underscores the close and long-standing ...


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Old March 29th, 2013   #46
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Exercise Kocha Singa 2013 - The Warrior Spirit

First conducted in 1997, Exercise Kocha Singa underscores the close and long-standing defence ties between Singapore and Thailand and serves to enhance the interoperability between the two armies. Both armies also interact regularly through professional exchanges, visits and courses. These interactions have strengthened the professionalism, friendship and mutual understanding among their personnel.

More pictures of the exercise at Facebook here and here.


The exercise, the 15th in the series, was held in Singapore from 19 to 26 March 2013 and involved personnel from the SAF's 3rd Battalion, Singapore Infantry Regiment and the RTA's 1st Infantry Battalion from the 2nd Infantry Regiment.





The exercise included professional interactions, live firing, as well as participation in urban operations training in Murai Urban Training Facility.











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Old April 4th, 2013   #47
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These are the faces of the backbone of the Singapore Armed Forces: The Non-Commissioned Officer (aka Specialist)


On 21 September 2012, 1,014 young men and two ladies graduated as Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) Specialists after completing a demanding 22-week course.

Minister of State for Finance and Transport Josephine Teo, who reviewed the graduation parade at Pasir Laba Camp, reminded the cadets of their leadership roles:
"Always be mindful of the training you have received and the values that have been instilled in you. These will put you in good stead to lead with pride, excel in your field, overcome adversity with your fighting spirit and serve in this new role with honour and integrity."
SCT Sattish: "Being in a support unit, my course was different from the rest of the cohort, so I did seven weeks at the Ordnance Engineering Training Institute. As I was the Logistics In-Charge (IC) during the course, it was stressful because the instructors didn't just tell you what to do; they expected you to use your initiative and think on your own before they guide you.
"So it was rather challenging having to plan out the logistic needs of any event, think about any contingencies, and ensure I don't miss anything out."

SCT Sattish receiving the Golden Bayonet from Mrs Teo.

On 22 March 2013, another 1077 graduate as Specialists.

Senior Minister of State, Ministry of Law and Ministry of Education, Ms Indranee Rajah reviewed the 14th Specialist Cadet Graduation Parade at Pasir Laba Camp this evening, where 1077 Specialist Cadets (SCT) graduated as specialists of the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF). See the transcript of Ms Indranee Rajah's speech, here. Ms Indranee Rajah urged the graduands to lead their men with dedication and conviction, as well as to forge a strong partnership with the officers and she said:
"As leaders, you are responsible for the mission readiness, welfare, morale and discipline of individuals under your command... You are the critical link between the soldiers and the SAF leadership."


This message was not lost on SCT Muhamad Rafie, who on 22 March 2013, become an Infantry specialist.

SCT Muhamad Rafie and Golden Bayonet recipient (pictured above) said:
"When leading a group of men, I think it is important to keep their bonds strong and have them work together as a team. As a ground commander, I would lead by example and go through hardships together with them."








More pictures of the 14th Specialist Cadet Course graduation, here.



Towed Mortar Course - YouTube

This week, on cyberpioneerTV, they bring us a special video contribution from 3SG Bezner Lim, an NSF who documented his batch's journey through the Towed Mortar Course at the Artillery Institute as a Specialist Cadet (with his course commander's permission of course!).
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Old May 12th, 2013
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Old May 20th, 2013   #48
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Exercise Chandrapura 2013

Exercise Chandrapura 2013 is a bilateral exercise that allows SAF's Commandos and Indonesia's Komando Pasukan Khusus (KOPASSUS) to train together that was held in Batujajar, Indonesia. Getting the basics right was instrumental to a successful summary exercise. The two special forces began a series of professional exchanges where their tactics and operating procedures were shared through a series of discussions, demonstrations and finally followed up with a joint summary exercise.

More pictures at the Singapore Army Facebook page, here.


Reactionary live-firing consisted of Contact Front, Contact Left, Contact Right and Contact Rear drills that were to be executed from a range of roughly 25 metres at coloured ballon targets.


Balloon live-firing: Firers had to shoot at balloons as fast as they could from a range of 25 metres.


Spot the spent cartridge being ejected!


Group photo at the shooting range.


An exchange-of-arms live firing was also conducted in order for both sides to better understand each other’s weapons, including a familiarization shoot for a KOPASSUS trooper with the FN P90 used by SAF LRRP teams.


TNI and SAF Snipers training together and learning from each other.


Working as a joint sniper-spotter team, the KOPASSUS and Commandos take out targets across the water.


GPMG live-firing at the range.


Good shooting with good soldiers makes a good day at the range!


Situ Lembang, or Lake Lembang, is part of Tempat Latihan Gunung Hutan, the Mountain and Jungle Training Centre of the KOPASSUS. Sniper live-firing was later conducted at targets placed across the water.


CPL Yap Zhan Hao and his KOPASSUS-counterpart providing security during a joint mission.


2LT Bryan Lee and Letnan Dua (2nd Lieutenant-equivalent) Lugas Prayugo confirming their route of advance prior to moving out for their mission.


SAF and TNI forces crossing a stream towards the objective for the summary exercise.
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Old May 27th, 2013   #49
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Singapore Army in Indonesia (for Exercise Chandrapura 2013)


Singaporean Commandos going airborne with Indonesia's Komando Pasukan Khusus as part of Exercise Chandrapura 2013, to earn their Indonesian airborne wings.


The jump master performing final inspections on the Indonesian soldiers, prior to exit from the Chinook.


Static-line jump, with parachutes opening over the drop zone, in Indonesia.


As the jumpers descend, the CH-47 Chinook circles around the dropzone in order to make another pass.


Children from the surrounding kampungs would rush to the drop zone upon sighting descending parachutists and eagerly offer to assist in packing the parachutes.

More airborne pictures on the Army Facebook, here. There is even a HD video of the jump.
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Old May 27th, 2013   #50
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Singapore Army in India


2 June 2013 -- Permanent Secretary (Defence) Mr Chiang Chie Foo and his Indian counterpart Defence Secretary Mr Radha Krishna Mathur signed the renewal of the Bilateral Agreement for the Conduct of Joint Army Training and Exercises this evening in Singapore. The signing ceremony was witnessed by Minister for Defence Dr Ng Eng Hen and Indian Defence Minister Mr A K Antony. Mr Antony is in Singapore on a working visit. The Bilateral Agreement was first established on 12 August 2008. Its renewal allows the Singapore Army to train and exercise with the Indian Army in India for another five years. The two armies have jointly conducted bilateral armour and artillery exercises, codenamed Ex Bold Kurukshetra (armour exercise) and Ex Agni Warrior (artillery exercise) respectively.

By way of background in July 2012, India and Singapore signed a bilateral agreement allowing the Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF) to train in India till October 2017. Singapore is the only country to which India offers such facilities; and with good reason. Annual joint exercises held at Kalaikunda Air Force Station, with the RSAF’s F-16 fighters acquaint Indian Air Force (InAF) pilots with the strengths and weaknesses of Pakistan’s premier fighter. In the past, RSAF supported joint training with InAF and the French Air Force, flying all the way to Orange Air Base in France in June 2010, to support and to participate in Exercise Garuda.

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CPT Mathiaz exchanging mementos with Brigadier-General Rajandra Singh, Brigadier General Staff, Infantry School.


Indian Army personnel briefing CPT Mathiaz (front, left) on the conduct and live firing of the machine gun. For more details, see Sharing best practices with the Indian Army.

The Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) and the Indian Army (IA) conducted Exercise Bold Kurukshetra (XBK), a bilateral armour exercise between February to April 2013.

This year’s exercise is the ninth in its series, with more than 700 soldiers from the SAF and IA participating in integrated manoeuvres as well as joint planning and training. A highlight of this year's exercise was the integrated live-firing, involving SAF and IA infantry fighting vehicles and IA tanks (see here for details). Participating in the 2013 exercise were 40th Battalion, Singapore Armoured Regiment (40 SAR), 38th Battalion, Singapore Combat Engineers (38 SCE), who conducted a live-firing of the Land Assault Mine Breaching Equipment (LAMBE) and HQ 8th Singapore Armoured Brigade (8 SAB). In India, the physical conditions were much different from in Singapore. During the day, it was scorching hot, while at night it was freezing cold. The vast terrain was also a valuable new experience for the soldiers operating the Bionix IFV. CPT Wong said, “India’s terrain was very rough also, there were many bumps and depressions. Thus the rides were long and uncomfortable which trained the endurance of the vehicle commanders and the soldiers.” There are more pictures from XBK 2011, here.


At Exercise Bold Kurukshetra 2013, the XBK Forward Support Group, led by CPT Kalaichelvan S/O Chandra, spent a total of 80 days away in India. The convoy operation to and fro was executed with a total of 73 trailers, covering a distance of over 1,366km in 6 days. This is an extraordinary feat. Kudos to all in FSG!


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MAJ Devieash James emerged as the Top International Student at the recently concluded Indian Command and Staff Course (CSC). The CSC was conducted at the Defence Services Staff College, India. A total of about 450 Officers from the India Army, Airforce and Navy as well as 35 International Officers from 25 different countries attended the course.

As the Top International Student, he was awarded the Southern Star Medal, the first Singaporean Officer to ever be awarded this distinction. Prior to attending this course, MAJ James was also deployed in Afghanistan from Dec 2010 to May 2012.
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Old May 27th, 2013   #51
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SAF Central Band at Sweden Int'l Tattoo


Strange as it might seem, the Singapore Armed Forces Central Band makes from page news, in two of Malmo's local newspapers! "I couldn't tell that the band was not Swedish! Perfect! It was very nice of the band to make the effort to learn our hymn." said Mr Bo Criwall, a retired soldier who was among the audience. The band had even sought the help of a Swedish church in Singapore to perfect their performance of the Swedish folk song Vem Kan Segla (Forutan Vind). Loosely translated as "Who can sail (without wind)", the haunting song speaks of friendship and the pain of saying goodbye.

The band made the headlines over the weekend for both its strong performance and the inclusion of a Swedish song in their repertoire. Playing to a full house of 6,500 at the Sweden International Tattoo, the band serenaded the audience with the popular Swedish folk song Vem Kan Segla (Forutan Vind). The tattoo was held in Malmo Arena on 25 and 26 May.
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The SAF Central Band@ Royal Brunei Armed Forces' (RBAF's) Golden Jubilee with a musical display of Singapore's culture at the Brunei Darussalam International Tattoo 2011 (BIT 2011).


The SAF Central Band@Bremen, Germany, at the 47th Musikschau der Nationen (47th Music Show of the Nations)
Singapore Symphony - YouTube
The Swedish tattoo's Chief Executive and Producer, Jan-Ingmar Landgren said: "Singapore has one of Asia's best military bands... We decided to invite the SAF Band after we saw them in Germany two years ago."

The SAF Central Band@Spasskaya Tower, Russia 2012
SAF Central Band Spasskaya Tower Kremlin Military Tattoo 2012 - YouTube

Drum major ME1 Muhammad Hafis Bin Amron, leading his band through the streets of Malmo, Sweden.

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14 May 2013 -- The Chief of Staff of the Royal Swedish Navy (RSwN), Rear Admiral (RADM) Jan Thörnqvist, called on Minister for Defence Dr Ng Eng Hen at Changi Naval Base. RADM Thörnqvist is in Singapore from 12 to 16 May 2013 for an introductory visit and to attend the International Maritime Defence Exhibition (IMDEX) Asia 2013. During his visit, RADM Thörnqvist also called on Chief of Defence Force Major-General (MG) Ng Chee Meng and Chief of Navy RADM Ng Chee Peng, and visited Changi Naval Base, where he inspected a Camp Welcome Guard.
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Old May 31st, 2013   #52
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Exercise Valiant Mark 2012

Marines and Singaporean Guardsmen Conducting Live Fire Maneuver Training | AiirSource - YouTube


Corporal Saiful Yunos, a rifleman serving with 3rd Battalion Singaporean Guards, patrols the perimeter of a defensive position overlooking an airfield here, Dec. 11, 2012. The soldiers trained with Marines from 2nd Battalion, 5th Marine Regiment, since Nov. 29 as part of Exercise Valiant Mark, an annual bilateral training event between the Singaporean Armed Forces and U.S. Marines. This year’s training included an amphibious assault during 1st Marine Division’s Exercise Steel Knight.(U.S. Marine Corps photo by Sgt. Jacob H. Harrer)


Lance Cpl. Nizam Abdullah, a rifleman serving with 3rd Battalion Singaporean Guards, hikes down a hill after defending an airfield overnight during Exercise Valiant Mark here, Dec. 11, 2012. Abdullah and six other soldiers defended against an ambush by role players a few hours after sunset. Marines staged the attack to reinforce the importance of alertness when defending a position.(U.S. Marine Corps photo by Sgt. Jacob H. Harrer)


Military Expert 2 Brian Benitez, the senior medic with 2nd Company, 3rd Battalion Singaporean Guards, is all smiles after trading medical insignias with Petty Officer 3rd Class John N. Tran, a field corpsman with 2nd Battalion, 5th Marine Regiment, during Exercise Valiant Mark here, Dec. 11, 2012. Benitez holds the paramedic level three qualification, the highest medical level for enlisted medics in the Singaporean Armed Forces. He traded his paramedic badge for Tran’s Fleet Marine Forces Pin, an insignia earned by sailors serving with Marine units and passing an oral board. Tran, a native of Jacksonville, Fla., shared experiences with Benitez while the company defended a hill overlooking an airfield.(U.S. Marine Corps photo by Sgt. Jacob H. Harrer)
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Old June 19th, 2013   #53
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New Hardware on display for the first time

SAF’s new Mark II Light Strike Vehicle which will be making its official public debut in the 9 August National Day Parade’s Dynamic Defence Display (D3) in 2013!


xtemujin has a picture of the new and old together on his blog, here.
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Old June 27th, 2013   #54
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The SAF 6 years in Afghanistan


End-of-Mission Ceremony in Tarin Kowt, Oruzgan attended by SAF troops on the ground together with our coalition partners.


On 22 Jun 2013, the SAF concluded 6 years of its deployments in Afghanistan as part of Singapore's contributions to the International Security Assistance Force's (ISAF) multinational stabilisation and reconstruction efforts there. The Singapore flag was lowered in Tarin Kowt located in Oruzgan to mark the end of operations. The SAF has deployed close to 500 personnel to Afghanistan since May 2007 as part of Singapore's contributions to the multinational stabilisation and reconstruction efforts there. Operating as part of the ISAF, SAF personnel have contributed their expertise in humanitarian assistance and reconstruction efforts, force protection, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance as well as the training of the ANSF.

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Below, a RSAF C-130 arriving at Tarin Kot.


Below, all aboard. The SAF team conducting the retrograde being flow out of Afghanistan on a Singapore C-130H.


Below, a RSAF aircrew specialist doing his final checks in Kabul before taking off.


Below, the crew of a RSAF C-130H at work over Afghanistan.


Below, the beautiful and austere landscape of Afghanistan from the window of a RSAF C-130H.
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Old June 29th, 2013   #55
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123 Days of Battle Rhythm in Afghanistan


LTC Ong (second from right) with his international team-mates in CUPLANS at HQ IJC.

Story by LTC Patrick Ong
Photo courtesy of HQ IJC CUPLANS

By the time this article is published, I will have just travelled out of Afghanistan, the land-locked country in Central Asia where I served four months, or 123 days to be exact, as part of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Headquarters ISAF Joint Command (HQ IJC) in Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan.

I was deployed in HQ IJC Combined Joint Operations Current Plans Branch, otherwise known as CUPLANS, the current planning branch for the operational headquarters in Afghanistan, responsible for quick planning of current operations ranging from supporting stability operations, coordinating the transfer of Afghan personnel to providing security support to Afghan partners. Given the nature of our mission, CUPLANS operates seven days a week.

My appointment in the branch was Deputy Chief CUPLANS cum Team Lead for Operations Support. In a nutshell, I deputised Chief CUPLANS, managed the administration of the branch and planned major operational tasks. As a CUPLANS officer, I was expected to perform basic staff functions from arranging of meetings, preparing briefing slides to higher-order staff competencies like producing IJC Fragmentary Orders (also known as Tasking Orders) and leading Operational Planning Teams. Because of the lean structure, each of us in the team had to operate independently, and be well-versed in our own functional areas.

In CUPLANS, I had the privilege to serve alongside many distinguished military officers from countries such as Croatia, Italy, Spain and the United States of America. They come from various backgrounds and many of them have a few operational deployments under their belts.These veterans serve with pride and professionalism.

From 20 Feb to 22 Jun, I was the only Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) officer deployed at HQ IJC. While I enjoyed working with officers from other nations, it was not the same as being part of an organic team of Singaporeans. In order to serve well in this one-man deployment node, I create a 'battle rhythm', well supported by the SAF core value of discipline.

The SAF has trained me well in terms of professional military knowledge which enabled me to contribute to CUPLANS. The pre-deployment training I went through also prepared me adequately to adapt to the operational environment.

But it was the discipline instilled in me throughout my military career that helped me create a rhythm that saw me through this deployment. I found myself adhering to a strict routine that repeated itself everyday to keep myself mentally, emotionally and physically fit and sharp in order to fulfil my primary responsibilities at HQ IJC.

During my deployment, I experienced the first earthquake of my life - a 5.6 Richter scale earthquake in Laghman Province, with the epicentre 60 km from Kabul - as well as dust storms due to a phenomenon known as 'Wind of 120 Days'. I also experienced a camp lock-down (where everyone stays indoors) as a result of an insurgent attack near my base; the gunfire was within earshot. Most regrettably, I experienced the weekly tributes to honour fallen comrades, including our Afghan partners. All these will be etched in my mind for a long time.

Witnessing the sacrifices of many coalition force members and Afghan partners has strengthened my belief that nothing is more important than living in a peaceful and safe country. While the SAF may have completed its mission in Afghanistan, I, together with many other SAF soldiers who have been deployed in this country, continue to pray for the well-being of the Afghan people.

This would have been a mission impossible for me, without the support of my colleagues, friends and family. Colleagues who acted as 'postmen' sent me parcels of comfort and well wishes that eased the yearnings of home. I might have been away for merely four months, but I had already missed a few milestones in my two-year-old daughter's development. How I look forward to hearing her rendition of "Twinkle,Twinkle Little Stars" - live.

To all my coalition friends in Kabul, Afghanistan, I wish them success in their deployments and safe return to their families.
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Old June 29th, 2013
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Old June 29th, 2013   #56
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Info about rifle -- post#47_last image


Shooting the Singapore Technologies SAR-21 - YouTube

That is a standard SAR-21; and below is a picture of Singaporean providing an orientation of the assault rifle to troops from other countries, at the range in Afghanistan. The SAR 21 replaced Singapore's licensed version of the M-16S1, and has gained a reputation among gun experts (see this old review of the weapon).


The SAR-21 was developed by the Chartered Industries of Singapore (CIS); and CIS is now a division of ST Kinetics. This assault rifle is featured in games, like Splinter Cell: Chaos Theory and Ghost Recon Online; the SAR-21 has used by the Japanese bad guys in a movie, Austin Powers in Goldmember.


Here is a link to the latest weapons made by the ST Kinetics Small Arms Division, if you are interested.
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Old July 9th, 2013
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Old July 9th, 2013   #57
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Great pics , it seems to be a very profesionnal army .
I'm telling you again, stop with the one liners and read the forum rules. I've already told you once and deleted the same post you felt compelled to repeat. Do it again and you're going on holiday.
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Developments in Singapore's C4I and Intelligence Community

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Below, Minister for Defence Dr Ng and Minister of State for Defence and Education Mr Wong viewing an in-house demonstration by an Imagery Analysis Team.


By producing a high quality work product and by being on-time, on-target everyday in ISR collection for the duration of their deployment, their hard work saved coalition lives. As Singapore's Minister for Defence Dr Ng Eng Hen noted in a speech on establishment of the C4I community held on 2 April 2012:
'In Oruzgan, our Imagery Analysis Teams (IATs) are now well regarded by other ISAF forces in their ability to translate raw data into accurate and actionable intelligence. During my visit there, ISAF commanders told me that the quality of analysis in our reports has been significant in enhancing the security of the Afghan population and international forces. As a testament to the valuable contribution of the IATs, the ops room in the ISAF HQ has been expanded to accommodate more Image Analysts.'
Good intelligence cooperation in information exchange, early warning and capacity building has been instrumental in combating terrorism in our own region. Countering the regional Jemaah Islamiyah (or JI) network whose tentacles spread across several countries in ASEAN, including Singapore, would not have been possible without good intelligence exchange and close regional cooperation. Singapore also needs information to stop the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, to counter-piracy, to manage the effects of natural disasters, and to stop pandemics, should they occur.

Below, Minister for Defence Dr Ng Eng Hen (centre), accompanied by then Chief of Defence Force Lieutenant-General Neo Kian Hong (right), and Chief C4I Rear-Admiral Joseph Leong (left), unveiling the plaque to commemorate the inauguration of the SAF C4I Community on 4 April 2012.


SAF's C4I community has had to make significant changes over the last few years to cope with these multi-faceted, trans-national threats. No state is immune from transnational security threats such as terrorism, piracy or natural disasters. Neither is any state able to tackle such complex challenges on its own. Collaboration at the policy-making level must be complemented by operational-level dialogues and exchanges. The two main categories of internal change for the SAF are as follows:
(i) Organisational changes at the SAF level, and the Army level to integrate the different C4I entities throughout the SAF into a community. The three organisational changes include:-
One, the creation of a career path for Intelligence Experts, as a vocation, whose members are groomed in specialised intelligence domains for uniformed personnel who have a keen interest in current affairs, geopolitical development and are technically inclined - their motto: Dominant and Indomitable.


Two, the inauguration of the SAF's C4I Community on 4 April 2012, under the command of a 43-year old two-star rear-admiral (with the same rank as Singapore's Chiefs of the three respective services), holding the dual appointment of Military Intelligence Organisation (MIO) director and chief of the C4I community. Rear-Admiral (two star) Joseph Leong's appointment and promotion to two star, on 30 June 2013, signals how important his role as MIO director and chief of C4I community is in today's information-driven battlefield.


Above, then Chief of Defence Force LG Neo (right) handing the Letter of Appointment to the new Chief of C4I, RADM Joseph Leong on 4 April 2012.

Three, on 10th July 2013, the Army Intelligence Inauguration Parade was held at Pasir Laba Camp. The Army Intelligence's needs and capabilities have grown significantly as the Army transforms into a 3rd Generation fighting force. This Inauguration Parade marks the restructuring of Army Intelligence; it will be organised into staff, command and training functions which are respectively represented by G2-Army, HQ Army Intelligence and the SAF Military Intelligence Institute. The restructured Army Intelligence will provide better focus and supervision to build up Army Intelligence to support our Army's evolving operations. Under this new structure, the C4I Battalions report to Chief Army Intelligence Officer, COL Kuan Meng Ying James Arthur; and whose motto is: First Line of Defence.


Above, the Parade Commander, LTC Peh Lik Chun, Commanding Officer 11 Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence (C4I) Battalion offering his salute at the Army Intelligence Inauguration Parade. For more pictures on the Army Facebook page, see here.


Above, the new Chief Army Intelligence Officer, COL Kuan Meng Yin James Arthur taking his oath. In his 27 years of service, COL Kuan has held numerous appointments, notably Senior Liaison Officer for the United Nations Mission in Support of East Timor. There is also a video montage of the event here.


Above, Chief of Army, MG Ravinder Singh presenting the command symbol to Chief Army Intelligence Officer, COL Kuan Meng Ying James Arthur. The owl was chosen as the command symbol of the Chief Army Intelligence Officer because of its hunting strategy. Its excellent senses of sight and hearing are essential pre-requisites for its hunting strategy, relying on silent flight to pounce upon its prey by stealth.
(ii) Beyond the operational deployment of SAF ISR capabilities in Indonesia and Afghanistan (in support of the respective operations in those countries), the steady acquisition and development of new hardware to support the intelligence and ISR function of the SAF is characteristic of Singapore's continued growth in ISR capabilities. Singapore's ISR capabilities goes beyond just a range of UAVs to a whole range of unmanned systems; including unmanned surface vessels (like the Venus range of re-configurable USVs in both 16 m and 9 m lengths) and a range of hybrid unmanned systems too numerous to describe in a single post and unmanned ground sensors. SAF's unmanned ground sensor consist of a slender camera-equipped spike, which is driven into the ground. Ground vibrations or noise activates the camera and the sensor beams the image to the operator, who can be hidden up to 2 km away. See the next post below for further experimentation with unmanned systems.


Above, the badge shows an Owl with the words accurate, relevant and timely. The UAV Task Group (UTG) strived to provide early warning of enemy threats, by being accurate, relevant and timely to protect the coalition forces in Oruzgan for the duration of their deployment.


Above, amidst the busy airfield in Oruzgan, SAF personnel prepared the Searcher II for its mission in Afghanistan. A total of 112 missions were flown clocking up to 450hrs of flight time!
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Old July 14th, 2013   #59
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SAF Experimentation with Unmanned Systems

Below, the Heron 1 UAV (which replaces the Searcher-class UAVs in background), is a more capable ISR platform brought into service with 119 Squadron on 23 May 2012. Since May 2007, the 116 Squadron operates the Hermes 450; and together, both squadrons are part of the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Command. Since 2005, Singapore has experimented with developmental sensor payload types that could be carried by an UAV in a jungle environment that included hyperspectral sensors, three-dimensional radar, and day and night cameras.



Singapore faces numerous constraints that are a feature of being the smallest state (by land size) in South East Asia. Singapore's small size means it faces the constraint of manpower, tiny size of territory, and the limited reaction time to face any military threat. These are constraints that Singapore cannot change, but it's government can invest in defence science and fund promising technologies to:
(i) acquire capability rather than hardware; and

(ii) ensure a clear lead in the immediate region,
as such, there is a strong desire to invest in key technology enablers, enablers that include tools to provide informational awareness and a secret-edge advantage for the SAF that start from space, to airborne sensors, to surface sensors, and even to underwater sensors. Force-multiplier technologies such as network-centricity, sense-making, mission modularity and unmanned systems are key areas with potential for exploitation. The tools being discussed in this thread are obviously no longer secrets - rather these tools are being discussed because of the need to communicate with the general public in Singapore, to keep Singaporeans up-to-date on various developments on the tools in use.


Above, is the Rush Demonstrator UGV unveiled in May 2011. Dubbed the "Rush" for its comparatively fast ground speed (at maximum ground speed of 7km per hour), the 40kg UGV is designed to be a highly robust and deployable system that can potentially cover multiple roles such as:
(i) forward tactical surveillance;

(ii) chemical, biological, radiological and explosive defence;

(iii) combat support (it can carry a 30 kg load); and

(iv) casualty evacuation (it can tow a trolley up to 60 kg).
It is currently designed to support two modular mission payloads, the Electro-Optical/Infrared Camera and the Manipulator Arm and Gripper, which are within the maximum allowable payload weight. According to CPT Gilbert Foo, the Rush Demonstrator has been used in several studies. One example: the 2nd Singapore Infantry Regiment tried the system as part of tactics development under the Army's infantry motorisation studies. CPT Foo said:
'The study told us a lot about what is needed in a UGV and what isn't, for a particular group and we will leave it to further studies to indicate if something like Rush Demonstrator is needed.'
Quote:
Singapore Navy Developments in Unmanned Systems Use

On 13 January 2013, ST Marine announced that it has been awarded a contract by the Ministry of Defence for the design and build of eight new 80 metre vessels to replace the eleven Fearless Class patrol vessels. Design of these Littoral Mission Vessels (LMV) has commenced and the delivery of these vessels is expected to be from 2016 onwards. The 1,150 ton LMVs for the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) will be equipped with enhanced combat systems, an integrated communications suite and an integrated mast with a crew of 30 (core crew), plus another 30 (mission crew). Each LMV will have a helipad and are baselined for maritime security operations. Each LMV will be configurable to meet specific mission requirements, with a twin stern ramp capable of launch and recovery of two RHIBs or USVs at the same time.


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Originally Posted by OPSSG View Post
The RSN as an operator of both the Protector USV and the Spartan USV had known for some time that both USVs designs have stability and sea keeping issues that sometimes leads to a loss of signal. As such, [in 2008], the RSN awarded the Hawaiian based speed boat manufacturer, Navatek Ltd, two contracts worth US$416,000 and US$485,000 [for both the 9-m and the 16-m, Venus USV hull forms] respectively to design a new Venus USV hull. As you may know, Navatek Ltd is a subsidiary of Pacific Marine and designed the unique 'M' hulls of the 11-metre USVs designed for the USN's LCS vessels. In the US$8.4 million USN contract, Navatek Ltd is currently working with General Dynamics Robotics Systems. It looks like both the USN and the RSN are looking at using a lot more of USVs in their concept of operations.
The expensive part of the LMVs will be in the mission modules for the USVs & UAVs being developed by DSO, DSTA and Singapore Technologies (ST). After 5 years of testing and development by the RSN, ST's Venus USV (which includes the 16-metre Venus–16, and the 9-metre Venus–9; both of which are re-configurable USVs) will increase the functionality and capability of the LMVs. The Venus USVs can be integrated with four different payloads to perform different types of missions:
(i) Towed Synthetic Aperture Sonar (TSAS) from Thales Underwater Systems to perform Mine Detection and Classification mission.

(ii) Expendable Mine Disposal Systems (EMDS) from ECA to perform Mine Identification and Neutralisation mission.

(iii) Remote Weapon Station (RWS) from OTO Melara to perform Force Protection mission.

(iv) Dipping Sonar from Thales Underwater Systems to perform Anti-Submarine Warfare mission.
The key to understanding the RSN's efforts in keeping its ships relevant is NOT the endless quest to buy new. Rather, it is also the ability to upgrade existing platforms to meet evolving operational demands (where it makes sense to do so).

The recent Victory-class missile corvette (MCV) upgrades to enable these MCVs be integrated into the wider SAF's Integrated Knowledge-based Command and Control (IKC2) network is a case in point. In particular, the ScanEagle UAV system that was acquired as part of the MCV upgrade programme.

Above, Dr Ng (extreme right) launching a ScanEagle UAV from RSS Valiant during Singapore Navy's May 2012 integrated fleet exercise.

Above is an example of a locally developed Gremlin hybrid UAV, which at 5kg is designed to meet the SAF's urban warfare needs and unveiled in November 2012. It is hybrid system that is innovative in two aspects:
One, it is a hybrid UAV that comprises a flight system and a ground module system, which means it can fly and hover in the air as well as travel on the ground.

Above, the Gremlin UAV in ground mode. The video camera attached at the bottom of the top shell is used to capture footage.

Two, it utilises a co-axial system, where there are two rotors on a single shaft along the same axis, instead of the conventional quadrotor system, which uses four rotors.

Above, the Gremlin's rotor blades are kept in a retracted position when it is in ground mode. The shell on top is used to cover the blades during transportation and can be easily removed when the UAV is called for use.
The Gremlin UAV can fly into an opening of a building, such as through a window, and land inside. It can then be used to survey the building on wheels. With a video camera attached to its bottom, the UAV can capture video footage wherever it goes. The footage captured allows soldiers to analyse the situation and decide on the appropriate response. In the ground mode, the blades of the UAV are stored in a retracted position and are not exposed. As the UAV transits into flight mode, its two rotors would start spinning, thus extending the rotor blades and forming propeller blades. The Gremlin UAV took the DSO team three years to complete: one and a half years to come up with the blueprint and design, and another one and a half years to build the machine. The team also consulted the Defence Research and Technology Office (DRTech) to gather feedback on improving the machine. Mr Edward Pang, a DSO engineer involved in the Gremlin project, said:
'Right now, we're embarking on the next phase, which is developing a smaller version of the Gremlin, also known as the Gremlin-Lite.'
For details of some of the thinking behind these unmanned systems, see this 2007 Pointer article on the Tech Edge. In 2011, ST Kinetics started collaborating with Singapore Polytechnic to study three different types of infrastructure-based navigation solutions: one, radio frequency identification (RFID); two, light detection and ranging (LIDAR); and finally, vision-based navigation systems.

In some cases, researchers in Singapore have won US grants to further develop promising technologies. For example, Dr Palani Balaya of NUS Department of Mechanical Engineering has won a two year grant of US$338,000 from US DARPA in association with Singapore's Defence Science and Technology Agency (DSTA), Ministry of Defence, has selected Dr Balaya for the award of the project based on several layers of high level competition. Current lithium-polymer batteries have been used to store energy at 60mAh. His target to increase storage capacity beyond 120mAh. Dr Palani Balaya will be researching with Prof Robert Woods of Harvard University (who has built the smallest MAV of 65mg) to develop the next generation of lithium silicate batteries for these flying micro-robots.
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Old July 18th, 2013   #60
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Operation Blue Ridge

Singapore Gunners in Kabul

Below, the SAF team put up a signboard in Afghanistan pointing towards home.


Recognising that it is the responsibility of the Afghans to secure the future of the country, ISAF commenced training programmes to build up the Afghan National Army (ANA). Training schools were established across the nation with coalition partners supporting the training efforts to build a credible defence force. One such centre was the Australian Defence Force-sponsored Artillery School in Kabul where our servicemen served as MITs.

[TVC] Beyond Our Shores - SAF in Overseas Operations - YouTube

Below, ANA's Russian-designed D-30 (122 mm) howitzers on the gun-line.


Below, Mongolian and Singaporean trainers watching-on, as ANA artillery trainees new to the methods and techniques being taught go through their drills. The trainers constantly reminded the artillery trainees to practice hard so that they could eventually graduate from artillery school.


Below, an ANA trainee Forward Observer transmitting his orders (for a live-firing) over a signal set while being observed by his SAF trainer.


Quote:
Singapore's reconstruction efforts in Bamiyan
(in support of NZDF's provincial reconstruction team)


Listening to the locals was crucial to mission success. At the background, you can see a ‘cave district’ in Central Bamiyan. In the sub-zero winters of Bamiyan, the villagers lived without the basic necessities that we take for granted in Singapore.


The SAF working with the New Zealand led PRT to distribute winter kits in Bamiyan. Amongst the winter kits being distributed were heating stoves, coal and blankets to help the locals brave the winter season.


No longer make-shift bridges. The local villagers were used to make-shift bridges that were washed away by the river every now and then. In spring, the ice would thaw making the crossing of the river even more dangerous, especially for the young ones.


A reflection from 2WO Lee Kow Yong:
“The Afghans were friendly and hospitable. They led a simple lifestyle, making do with whatever they had. One could clearly see the strong bonds amongst the locals. The older kids would take care of the younger kids and piggy back them around. They were ever ready to lend a helping hand whenever the need arose. Foladi Valley suffered its worst flooding in 40 years in Aug 2010. Roads and bridges were washed away, making transportation inaccessible. Instead of waiting for help to arrive, the locals got their hands dirty, repairing the roads and bridges themselves.

Enhancing Healthcare. SAF engineering teams were deployed to build larger healthcare facilities such as the two-storey Regional Health Training Centre and the Foladi Comprehensive Health Clinic.
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Christopher Hitchens

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