Ambitious modernization plan of the Bangladeshi Military
Target major purchase
The government has proposed a Tk 1,512 crore increase in defence expenditure to finance some major purchases needed to modernise the armed forces.
In his budget speech, Finance Minister AMA Muhith said he has set aside an allocation of Tk 10,695 crore for the next financial year.
He also said the country's first defence policy will be finalised in the next financial year. The government has already taken steps to that end.
“We want to continue enhancing the defence capability of our country by restructuring the defence system,” Muhith said.
Meanwhile, a senior army official told The Daily Star the government is increasing the defence spending as it plans to go for a big purchase for the army, navy and air force after a long time.
He said that many an equipment being used by Bangladeshi contingents on UN peacekeeping missions is years-old and losing performance.
"We need to purchase gears for our forces on peacekeeping missions. We'll have to buy over 200 APCs (armoured personnel career) and they are quite expensive," the officer said.
Citing more examples, he said the army has a tank regiment that should have 44 functional tanks. But the tanks in that regiment are decades old and need to be replaced.
"It is very difficult to get spare parts for those old tanks," he said that it means the government will have to buy some new tanks as well.
The same is true for the two other forces--navy and air force.
Navy needs new offshore patrol vessels, which are medium type battle ships.
The air force needs to upgrade their aircraft and purchase some new, the officer said.
Besides the new purchases, an upgrade is necessary to keep the aircraft and other equipment functional, he continued.
Muhith in his budget speech said, “We are continuing with enhancing the facilities of higher training, providing modern military hardware and other benefits for the defence forces while reinforcing our diplomatic initiatives to ensure national security."
He also said the government is going for a significant increase in the defence budget, “taking into consideration the overall role of defence services, insecurity and development of the country and their glorious image in the international arena.”
The parliamentary standing committee on defence ministry in separate reports on the army, navy and air force last year said an acute shortage of fund stands in the way to modernisation of the armed forces.
Currently, a very little portion of the fund allocated for the forces is used for defence purchase as large portion of the share is spent on salaries, allowances, services and supplies.
In his budget speech last year, the finance minister announced that the government wants to restructure the country's defence system to ensure security of the country and the people and continue to improve defence capability.
For FY 2008-09, he proposed an allocation of Tk 7,967 crore that was later revised to Tk 8,196 crore. In the budget for the current year, the original allocation was Tk 8,382 crore.
Big plan on war weapon purchase JS told of 10-yr dev plan for armed forces
The government yesterday unveiled its plans and ongoing processes of purchasing weapons of war and armoured vehicles to enhance and consolidate combat proficiency of Bangladesh Army, Navy and Air Force.
Planning Minister Air Vice Marshal (retd) AK Khandker, also in charge of the defence ministry in parliamentary affairs, yesterday notified the parliament about the government's plans and on going processes for the purchase.
He said the government has planned to buy various weapons of war and combat vehicles in the current fiscal year as part of its 10-year-long development plan for the armed forces.
Efforts have been made to purchase seven tanks and one armoured recovery vehicle for army, and 80 armoured vehicles, five armoured recovery vehicles, five armoured ambulances and two helicopters for UN peacekeeping mission, added Khandker.
"Besides, the government has approved in principle and allocated necessary funds to double the capacity of Bangladesh Ordnance Factory to produce ammunition for small arms," said the planning minister in reply to a written query from BNP lawmaker Harunur Rashid.
He said, the process of purchasing two maritime patrol aircraft through international tender and building of five patrol craft at Khulna shipyard is underway. The decision on building or purchasing two large patrol craft, a hydrographic survey vessel and one oil tanker at local or foreign shipyard is also under consideration.
In addition, the government has planned to purchase one or two old frigates for navy from other countries under government to government deal, he said, adding that process of purchasing of offshore patrol vessel from UK navy and a large patrol craft are progressing.
"The government also has plans to upgrade missile boats and patrol crafts with modern missiles to improve the combat efficiency of navy," he said.
On modernising the air force Khandker said the government has a scheme to purchase a fighter squadron, air-to-air missiles, one surface-to-air missile system, one air defence radar and two helicopters in the current fiscal year.
EXPENDITURE ON MEDICAL & TRAINING
In reply to AL lawmaker Israfil Alam's query, the planning minister also placed a report on the armed forces' previous five years' expenditure on medical and training purposes through military medical service directorate.
According to the report, since fiscal year 2005-06 Tk 338.03 crore was spent on medical purpose while Tk 1.35 crore on training.
NEW CADET COLLEGE
In response to a query from Jatiya Party lawmaker MA Jabber, the planning minister said the government has a plan to set up a women's cadet college in Gopalganj or in Khulna or Bagerhat depending on availability of land and fund.
In recent years Bangladesh has embarked on a large scale defense upgrading process.
For the first time in the Country's history record high amounts have been allocated for Procurement of weaponry, especially in the new budget for 2010-2011 which was declared a few weeks ago.
The military is in the middle of large scale purchases and forming of new elite units.
In 2010 2 F-22B class missile Frigates were ordered by the PM on her recent visit to China, 2 Castle class OPVs were commissioned, a new hydro-graphic survey ship was bought and other frigates and FACMs were upgraded with new Chinese anti shipping and anti aircraft missiles. The Khulna Shipping Yard operated by the Navy started producing patrol boats and getting upgraded to build Missile guided corvettes, New helicopters were ordered and the Navy crew are getting trained on how to operate submarines. The target is to get the Navy o be a three dimensional force by 2021.
Also the Air force is going to induct more Mig-29s and is getting ready to purchase 3 squadrons of new air defense fighters(rumour has it Mig-35s, or Su-30/27/35) . new attack and utility helicopters are getting purchased as well as new transport air craft. Third generation SAMs are being ordered as well as new radar stations( the Govt is in the middleof talks for purchasing BUK-M1)
The army has bought 7 tanks(Yatagans and Type-96Gs) for field testing, 300-500 units of the chosen tank will be purchased. This year another 200 APCs were ordered(mainly BTR-80s) we already operate over a thousand BTR-80s. the new BD-08 assault rifle(Upgraded copy of Chinese TYpe-81 ) is rolling out of the prouction lines. the army's ordance factories have started producing artillery and mortar shells and and they can also produce 2000 QW-2 anti air craft missiles annually. The BOF is getting upgraded to be able to produce rockets for our existing and future multi barrel roccket launchers. Large numbers of type 88(PLZ-45) self propelled howitzers have been ordered.
And finally a long cherished dream of the navy was fulfilled when the SWADS(special war fare and diving and salvaging) came into being. for the first time our navy has an elite unit which is considered the best of its type in south asia.
All my claims can be checked out at BD military.com
Last edited by T.C.P da Devil; February 3rd, 2011 at 08:07 AM.
Latest news from the BAF. i haveve posted before that the BAF plans to procure J-10Bs and has rejected the FC-1, this has changed.
Well a new committee has been formed to develop a new generation Air Defence system for BD. The BAF has put on hold all the new air craft procuring plans, instead funds are now being diverted to builiding a multi layered AD system.
"BD Govt is planning to introduce a multilayer AD system very soon. For these they already form a joint forces' committee which includes - Director, AD, BA and Director, AD, BAF and other concerned officers and directorates (such as WE&S, Artillery of BA and Air Plans etc). As far as I know, their plan is like as follows -
1. VSHORAD : FB-6A (6 km)
2. SHORAD : FM-90 (12 km, for point defence)
3. Medium Range : LY-60D/LY-60N (22 km, for limited aerial defence)
4. Semi-Long Range : LY-70 [Naval Version]/LY-80 (42km, for aerial defence)
[LY-70/LY-80 is a reverse engineered version of Russian BUK-M1-2]"
I posted that the military had chosen the QW-2 to replace the HN-5 as the standard MANPAD and local production of QW-2 missiles was going to begin soon. How ever it appears that after much field testing the Armed Forces are not satisfied with the QW-2 and have opted for the FN-16( modernised FN-6) So far the MANPADS were only used by artillery units but the army plans to equip all ground units with MANPADS.
I asked about the air craft procurement plans, The BAF it seems will not replace the A-5s as it said it would by 2011, but instead plan to upgrade them to A-5Ds. One new sq of F-7BGs will be bought.
The BAF is once again looking at the JF-17. From what I hear they plan to induct Fc-1s along with Su-27SKMs. Nothing about the flankers or the FC-1 is official, but the source from where I got the news has so far been extremely accurate about BD's defence plans.
Also the Bangladeshi army is going to integrate all our AAGs with the new AD system, the plan is to operate a similar calibre AAg as the Navy preferably 35mm. The BA has been offered the type-90 and type-87 twin 87mm AAGs by China. The BA voiced concern about problems trying to integrate our old AAGs with the new system, but China assured us that they did similar things for the PLA and th PLAAF and that they would give us all the required assistence.
Steps has been taken to modernize our existing TPS-70, TPS-63 radars and also BAF will going to purchase more radars very soon. EW radars, equipments for ECM/ECCM, Target aquisition and Fire control devices (both airborne and ground based) etc.
There are plans to procure more Russian Il-117 3D air surveillence radrars.
The F-7s are not number uno on the BAF's replacing list, the A-5s come first. We were actually supposed to replace them by 2012, but with funds being diverted towards our new multi layered AD system, the A-5s will have to stay, they are going to be upgraded to A-5D. Also the BAF is going to have to spend a lot of cash to procure the new gen trainers, to replace the F-6. A large no. of modern trainers are to be procured to help train pilots for the new 4th and 4.5 gen ac that should be coming their way starting from around 2015.
Last edited by T.C.P da Devil; February 6th, 2011 at 10:45 AM.
Location: Under your bed. No seriously, take a look.
Originally Posted by T.C.P da Devil
The F-7s are not number uno on the BAF's replacing list, the A-5s come first. We were actually supposed to replace them by 2012, but with funds being directed towards our new multi layered AD system, the A-5s will have to stay, they are going to be upgraded to A-5D. Also the BAF is going to have to spend a lot of cash to procure the new gen trainers, to replace the F-6. A large no. of modern trainers are to be procured to help train pilots for the new 4th and 4.5 gen ac that should be coming their way starting from around 2015.
More likely to be either JL-9s or L-59/L-159.
We operate a substantial no. of modernized L-39s, they are really liked by the pilots and if we were to go for the L-59/L-159, it would ease up maintenance.
However with the rising no. of Chinese fighters in our arsenal F-7BGs and possibly FC-1s and J-10s in the future, the JL-9 has a great shot here.
Why not get more second hand L-39s and upgrade them?
The BAF wants totally new trainers, and the truth is they have had the cash for new trainers for quite a while, but due to Bureaucratic indecision, nothing has been bought yet, but with the formation of a new high power committee new purchases will be made, and due to the good service record of the L-39s, L-59/159s have a good chance.
Mind that the L-39 is also used for light ground attack roles, so the new trainer, will have to have this ability also.